STD or sexually transmitted disease is usually an infection which spreads from one person to another during sexual contact. People hardly discuss STDs, but it is very important for sexually active individuals to conduct routine tests (especially when certain symptoms manifest) to avoid long term consequences.
Consequences of Not Getting Tested
Undiagnosed and untreated STDs can lead to damaged reproductive system, resulting in sterile men and women.
Chlamydia, if untreated can lead to epididymitis and shrinkage of testicles and infertility in men. It also leads to pelvic inflammatory disease in woman.
Syphillis can make a person blind and deaf, and can also be passed on to babies.
Gonorrhea, which can also be treated easily with antibiotics, can lead to infertility or death if untreated.
HIV/AIDS if diagnosed in the early stages can enable the patient to lead a normal life and is not a death sentence.
Symptoms of STD
In women, the common symptoms are pain and burning sensation during urination, blood in vaginal discharge as also abnormal vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, blisters, warts, and swollen glands.
Men often experience inflammation of the testicles, prostate, sores, fever, urethral discharge and pain during urination.
If these symptoms are observed, it is vital to get tested for STDs. Also the best way to protect your partner is not to practice unsafe sex and to refrain from the same until diagnosed and treatment is complete.
Getting yourself tested for STD is also beneficial, as it can prevent against complications like cancers and infertility. The standard STD panel of tests consists of Herpes IgG antibody and HIV antibody blood tests, along with a blood test for syphilis antibody and DNA urine test for gonorrhea and Chlamydia.
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